Dietary Patterns for preventing CVD

Introduction

Dietary choices are based on personal and cultural food preferences and include a combination of foods whose nutrients may interact synergistically and have a cumulative effect on health, including the risk of CVD.

Dietary patterns that include a wide variety of nutritious foods are more likely to meet nutrient requirements and confer health benefits than those diets that are selectively restricted in calories or nutrients12.

Furthermore, using a foods group based approach may offer a comprehensive strategy for the prevention of CVD.

Based on a growing body of evidence13, 14, dietary patterns beneficial for cardiovascular health are plant-based, consisting of a high consumption of whole grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and seeds; moderate consumption of fish, poultry and eggs; and limited consumption of red meat, sweets, and sugar-sweetened beverages.

This section will explore specific dietary patterns associated with a reduction of CVD risk, which are also favorable to manage dyslipidemia, particularly:

  • The Mediterranean Diet
  • The Portfolio Diet
  • The Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Diet