Other lifestyle changes

Although this online learning tutorial focuses mainly on the dietary management of dyslipidaemias, smoking cessation and exercise are also factors in the prevention of CVD. Below are a few tips you can suggest to your patients when talking to them about their diet and lifestyle:


Changing smoking behavior is important in lowering CVD risk. Many of the above key principles for behavior change also apply to smoking cessation and remembering the five As can be a helpful strategy:

  • Ask about smoking status
  • Advise on quitting
  • Assess readiness
  • Assist with a strategy
  • Arrange follow-up5


Primary care is an important setting for the promotion of physical activity. Recommendations should be tailored to patient's needs and range from simple lifestyle advice through to the roll-out of targeted programmes for harder-to-reach individuals.

Initial lifestyle steps to help patients achieve the recommended 30 minutes exercise a day may include:

  • image Encouraging patients to walk to the next station or bus stop rather than taking the usual one, taking the stairs rather than a lift.
  • image Simple exercise programmes that can be worked into a daily schedule, such as gardening, house cleaning and walking to the shops.
  • image Riding a bike on level ground or with some hills.

  • image Muscle strengthening excercises such as lifting weights or working with resistance bands.

Changing smoking behavior is important in lowering CVD risk