Plant sterols and stanols in a nutshell

Plants sterols and stanols are recommended by the EAS as a part of lifestyle intervention in the management of dyslipidemia1,2.

Plant sterols and stanols have been shown to effectively lower TC and LDL-cholesterol concentrations in a dose-dependent manner (7-12% LDL-cholesterol lowering with intakes of approximately 1.5-3 g/d).

To obtain approximately 2 g of plant sterols and stanols per day from ordinary foods is not possible. Therefore, foods with added plant sterols and stanols should be considered as

part of a healthy diet to actively reduce TC and LDL-cholesterol.

Finally, foods with added plant sterols and stanols provide an additional LDL-cholesterol lowering effect in dyslipidemic patients at high CVD risk already treated with lipid-lowering drugs such as statins2; therefore, they are recommended also in adjunct to pharmacological therapy.